Hair Care

14 DIY Hair Mask Recipes For Dry, Damaged Hair & Hair Fall


ttaining the soft smooth lustrous hair is not easy as your experience will tell you. There are diverse elements in the environment that damage the hair, and gorgeous hair remains an elusive dream. Direct sunlight, tropical heat and the winter cold are the common culprits of hair damage. They strip the moisture from the tresses and the harsh UV rays of the sun break down the hair protein. Exposure to the harsh weather elements makes the hair dry and brittle and vulnerable to breakage. However, the worst enemies of the hair are exposure to heat produced by the styling equipments and the chemicals present in the hair styling products such as perms, bleaches, hair dyes and relaxers. Heat and chemical wreak havoc on the hair, leading to myriads of hair problems. [1]

When the hair feels dry and loses its sheen, your regular shampooing and conditioning regimen cannot help in restoring the health and appearance of the manes. This is time when your hair needs extra attention, which can be provided by a hair mask. A hair mask moisturizes and conditions the hair. It helps in making the hair shiny and lustrous. [2] Hair masks are formulated to improve the texture of the hair. Different types of commercial hair masks are available nowadays. Homemade hair masks made by blending kitchen ingredients, they can also help your tresses. [3]

What Are Hair Masks

Hair masks are deep conditioning treatments. The commercial hair masks have a heavy cream base and usually contain a mixture of concentrated protein. They are known to penetrate the hair cuticles and are considered best for the hair that needs moisture and protein. [4] Though hair masks are primarily oil based, there are a number of clay based hair masks. The type of mask that best suits your hair depends on your hair type. When the hair is coarse and the scalp is dry, you will need an oil-based hair mask. Clay-based hair masks are recommended for hair that is fine and soft and for oily scalp. Sweet almond, olive, coconut and sunflower oils are usually added to the oil-based hair masks. Kaolin, bentonite, rhassoul and babassou clays are some of the different types of clays found in the clay-based hair masks. High-end clay based masks for hair also contains the mineral rich Dead Sea mud. [5]

Do Hair Masks Help Your Hair Grow

The different types of oils combined together in hair masks are believed to help in reducing hair fall and promote hair regrowth. [6] However, external hair care is not always effective if you are suffering from nutritional deficiency. You should eat right to promote hair growth. Usually slow hair growth, hair loss or hair breakage indicates deficiency of B vitamins, especially biotin, iron and zinc. In addition, washing hair with the right shampoo, applying a conditioner to retain the moisture in the tresses, rinsing with herbal rinses or apple cider vinegar and using the right brushing and styling techniques are essential for minimizing hair damage and maintaining the health of the scalp and hair. Hair masks containing a mixture of oils are usually applied once a week. Masks with nutrient rich oils such as argan and coconut oils are known to repair and nourish the hair. [7]

Do You Apply A Hair Mask To Wet Or Dry Hair ?

It is a common practice to apply hair masks to dry hair. Warming hair masks that are mixture of oils before application helps in intense conditioning. [8]However, applying hair mask on clean wet hair is also found to be effective in conditioning the hair. After applying the mask to the hair and scalp, for best result, wrap your head with a warm damp towel for thirty minutes. The heat eases penetration of the nourishing oils into the hair and scalp. [9]

How Long Do You Leave In A Hair Mask

It takes a longer time for the deep conditioning hair masks to penetrate the hair and scalp. A hair mask must be left on the scalp at least for 10 to 20 minutes. However, the longer it stays on your head the better is it for the health of your hair. [10] Although hair masks are usually left on the hair for at least half an hour, the nourishing hair masks can be allowed to sit on the hair overnight. However, rinsing the hair is not needed in case of leave-in hair masks. [11] After leaving the hair mask on the hair for the desired length of time, it should be rinsed off, followed by washing with appropriate shampoo and application of conditioner. [12]

Home Remedies With Hair Masks

Hair masks can also be prepared at home by combining a number of ingredients, a number of which are your kitchen staples that are known to moisturize and nourish the hair.

1. Banana Hair Mask

Overripe banana is known for its deep moisturizing property. Rich in vitamins A, C and E and potassium, banana is known to promote the health of the hair. A homemade hair mask with banana as the main ingredient helps in making the hair soft and conditioned.

A. Banana Hair Mask With Coconut Milk And Avocado


1 Medium sized ripe banana
3 Tablespoons of coconut milk
1 Ripe Avocado

Mash the ripe banana and avocado. Add coconut milk to the mashed fruits and mix well. This hair mask is suitable for all types of hair. However, for hair that is excessively dry or damaged, instead of avocado and coconut milk, mix the mashed banana with a tablespoon of coconut, almond or olive oil. On dry hair, apply the mask. Let the paste sit on the hair for 15 minutes. Wrap the hair with warm towel for better result. Rinse off the paste with warm water and wash hair. [13]

B. Banana, Honey, And Olive Oil


½-ripe banana
1 tablespoon honey
1 tablespoon olive oil

Mash the banana. Make sure that the paste is smooth without any lump. Mix honey and olive oil to the mashed banana. Spread the mixture on clean wet and combed hair. After applying the mixture, comb your hair. Leave the hair mask for 30 minutes. Thoroughly rinse off the hair mask and shampoo and condition as usual. [14]

2. Coconut Oil Hair Mask

Coconut oil is regarded as one of the best oils for hair care. However, if you are reluctant to use the raw oil, add few drops of coconut oil to a hair mask. Coconut oil based hair mask is known to protect the hair strands from the UV rays of the sun, pollution and other environmental factors. [15]

A. Coconut Oil, Coconut Milk, And Honey


2 tablespoons of coconut oil
1/4-cup of coconut milk
2 tablespoons of honey


Combine the coconut oil and honey until thoroughly mixed. Add coconut milk and mix well. To dry hair spread the mixture. Leave the hair mask on hair for 30 to 45 minutes. Rinse off the mixture. [16]

B. Coconut Oil, Olive Oil, And Egg


2 tablespoons of coconut oil
1 to 2 raw eggs
2 tablespoons of olive oil


If you are using solidified coconut oil, liquefy it before use. Depending up the length of your hair, take one to two raw eggs. Mix the egg with olive oil. Add cool liquid coconut oil to the mixture and thoroughly blend. Spread the mixture on the hair, concentrating on the hair roots and ends. Let the mixture stay on the hair for 45 minutes or if desired overnight. Rinse off the mixture and shampoo and condition your hair as usual. [17]

3. Yogurt Hair Mask

Yogurt when applied to the scalp is believed to help in fighting dandruff. The live cultures in yogurt are known to inhibit growth of yeasts associated with dandruff. [18] Furthermore, yogurt nourishes the hair. You can leave yogurt on the scalp and hair for about half an hour and then rinse it off. It is known to leave the hair clean and nourished. [19]

A. Yogurt, Egg Yolk, And Lemon Juice


1 teaspoon of plain yogurt
2 tablespoon of lemon juice
1 egg yolk


Thoroughly mix the yogurt, lemon juice and egg yolk. Saturate hair with the mixture, concentrating on the hair ends. To retain moisture in the hair, wrap it with a towel. Leave it on for 20 minutes and then rinse off. [20]

B. Yogurt, Rosemary, Honey, And Jojoba Oil


1 cup of plain full fat yogurt
1 teaspoon of jojoba oil
1 tablespoon of honey
10 drops of rosemary essential oil


Blend the ingredients and apply the mixture to the scalp and hair. Let the mixture sit on the hair for 30 minutes. Rinse it off, followed by your regular shampooing and conditioning routine. [21]

4. Olive Oil Hair Mask

Olive oil is rich in fatty acids that provide moisture to the hair and antioxidants that assist in rejuvenating the scalp and hair. The deep conditioning effect of olive oil helps in reducing the frizz. It is used as the base oil for blending essential oils, hair tonics and rinses. [22]

A. Olive Oil And Ginger Oil


1 tablespoon of olive oil
10 drops of ginger oil
1 teaspoon of coarse sea salt
One pinch of black pepper powder


Combine the ingredients well. Massage the mixture into the scalp and cover the hair with the hair mask. Wait for half an hour and then rinse and shampoo as usual. This hair mask is believed to strengthen the hair and can help in reducing hair fall and dandruff. [23]

B. Olive Oil, Egg White, And Curd


2 teaspoons of olive oil
2 tablespoons of curd
Egg white


Mix the ingredients and apply to the scalp and hair. Leave it on for 20 minutes and then rinse off. [24]

5. Mayonnaise Hair Mask

Mayonnaise contains two hair-friendly ingredients olive oil and egg. It is protein-rich and is believed to strengthen the hair.

A. Mayonnaise And Geranium Essential Oil


One small jar of natural mayonnaise
2 drops of rosemary or geranium essential oil


Empty the small jar of natural mayonnaise in a small bowl. Add the essential oil and mix well. After washing the hair, massage the mayonnaise mixture on the scalp and coat the hair shafts with the hair mask. Allow it to sit on the hair for about 20 minutes. Rinse off with warm water. [25]

6. Jojoba Oil Hair Mask

In Native American folk remedy, jojoba oil is used for arresting hair loss caused by clogged hair follicles and dandruff. It is known to dissolve the excess serum that clogs the hair follicles, thereby promoting hair growth.[26]

A. Jojoba Oil, Lemon Juice, And Lavender Essential Oil


2 teaspoons of jojoba oil
1 tablespoon of lemon juice
3 drops of lavender essential oil


Mix the ingredients well and massage the mixture onto the scalp. Allow the mask to sit on the hair for 20 minutes. Rinse off the hair mask and follow your normal shampooing and conditioning routine.[27]

7. Avocado Hair Mask

A moisturizing hair mask with avocado as one of the main ingredients is good for the dry hair. Rich in moisturizing fats and vitamin E, avocado is known to strengthen the hair and encourage hair growth.

A. Avocado, Coconut Oil, Peppermint Oil And Rosemary


¼ avocado
2 tablespoons of liquid coconut oil
20 drops of peppermint oil
Finely minced leaves of one rosemary sprig


Mash the avocado and mix it with the other ingredients until it is of creamy consistency. Apply the mixture to the scalp and hair. Leave it on for 30 minutes and then rinse off the mixture. Shampoo and condition hair as you do normally. [28]

B. Avocado, Lemon Oil, And Egg


¼-cup mashed avocado
1 tablespoon of avocado oil
2 egg yolks
20 drops of lemon essential oil


Blend the ingredients well. Spread the mixture on damp hair, from the roots to the ends. Leave it on for an hour. Rinse off the mixture and wash hair with shampoo. [29]

8. Clay Hair Mask

Clay when added to hair mask helps in drawing out oils and toxins from the scalp. It is ideal for oily hair. Avoid this hair mask if your hair and scalp is already dry.

A. Clay And Vinegar


¼-cup natural clay powder
½ teaspoon cider vinegar
2 tablespoons of mineral water


Mix the ingredients until you get a smooth paste. Coat the clean damp hair shafts with this paste. Massage it onto the scalp. Leave it on for 10 to 15 minutes and then rinse off with warm water. [30]

9. Aloe Vera Hair Mask

Aloe vera is known to promote hair growth. It is believed to work by removing the dead cells from the scalp skin and assisting in unclogging the pores. Moreover, it helps in restoring the healthy pH of the scalp that supports optimal hair growth.

A. Aloe Vera, Castor Oil, And Fenugreek


½-cup of aloe vera
2 tablespoons of castor oil
2 tablespoons of fenugreek powder


Mix the ingredients well and apply the mixture to the scalp. Let it stay on the head overnight. Next morning with mild shampoo wash off the hair mask. Once a week use this hair mask. [31]

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