O

ur eyes reflect our emotional and physiological condition including our age. The skin of the region around our eyes is very thin, much thinner than the entire face. As a result, it starts showing signs of aging very fast. So, the application of a serum especially designed for the skin around our eyes is a must. [1]  Regular moisturizers or facial creams may irritate the skin around your eyes. Peptides, retinol, vitamin C and ceramides are some of the ingredients which are included in under-eye care products for their antioxidant, anti-aging, anti-wrinkle, and hydrating properties. [2]


Various Skin Problems That Appear Under Our Eyes

1. Puffiness

Bags are formed under your eyes due to mild swelling. Although mostly they are not an outcome of any medical problem they hamper your appearance and makeup application becomes difficult. They are more of a cosmetic worry. Cool compress, sleeping with head elevated and staying away from allergens that can enhance swelling is known to help.

2. Dark circles

This is a common problem related to the skin of our eyes and mostly stems from the darkening of the epidermal surface by the veins underneath. The skin here is transparent and thin. Eye care products containing retinol, vitamin K, hydroxyl acids or vitamin C may help reduce the darkness by thickening the skin and contracting the underlying blood vessels.

3. Dry skin

While applying facial moisturizer, the area around our eyes is overlooked at times and this can lead to dryness as the epidermis of this region is more delicate. Dryness can make the region prone to damage, redness, irritation, wrinkles and fine lines. Therefore, hydration enhancing ingredients like glycerin should be present in your under-eye care product.

4. Improper skin tone

A dull skin tone may be seen in the under eye region due to the collection of dead epidermal cells. Brown spots may appear in the region due to exposure to sunlight. In such cases, beta hydroxy acid and alpha hydroxy acid-based exfoliants can help mitigate discoloration and dullness. [3]


Causes of Dark Circles

Some of the few causes of Dark Circles are:

1. Age

As we age, the skin around the eyes becomes thinner; collagen and fat required for epidermal elasticity also reduce; and visibility of the blood vessels underneath increases.

2. Fatigue

Sleep deprivation, too much fatigue, oversleeping etc. can result in dark circles. Lack of sleep can result in dullness and pale skin making way for dark circles.

3. Allergy

Dryness of eyes and allergic reactions can cause dark circles. During an allergic reaction, our body produces histamines which may cause dilation of blood vessels underneath the skin, thereby increasing its visibility. Rubbing or scratching also inflames the skin, may break the blood vessels and cause swelling. All of this can create a dark circle.

4. Exposure to Sun

Melanin production increases as and when your exposure to the sun increases. So, overexposure can also darken the area around your eyes.

5. Dehydration

When the body does not get ample water, the under eye skin becomes dull and your eyes may get a sunken look.

6. Genetics

Sometimes genetics plays a role in your getting dark circles. In early childhood, it may be seen and may disappear or worsen with age.

7. Straining Your Eyes

Prolonged staring at gadgets like computer screen or television may result in dilation of blood vessels in the eye region. This may make the epidermis look darker. [4]


Causes of Puffy Eyes or Under Eye Bags

Here are some few Causes of Puffy Eyes:

1. Hormonal Change

Changes in the level of hormones can cause puffy eyes.

2. Improper Sleep Hours

Lack of sleep is a major reason for the puffiness of eyes. We all need to sleep for at least six to eight hours. Lesser sleeping hours or frequent disturbance during sleep causes under eye bags.

3. Problems of Skin

Dermatitis accompanied by itching and redness as well as a certain allergy can also cause under eye puffiness.

4. Weather Changes

At times with changing the weather, there is a change in under eye fluid deposition that leads to eye bags.

5. Other factors

Hereditary factor; consumption of salt-rich diet; certain infections; and thyroid disease can also lead to puffiness. [5]


Do It Yourself Rosehip Eye Serum for Puffiness and Dark Circles With Aloe Vera and Essential Oils

Ingredients
A half ounce each of rosehip seed oil and pure aloe vera gel
Five drops of lemon essential oil
Ten drops of lavender essential oil

Procedure
Take a spray bottle made of glass, pour all the ingredients and shake well to mix. It is ready for use.
At bedtime remove your facial makeup.
Once you have cleansed your face, spray the serum on your face. Keep your eyes closed while doing so.
Massage it gently around the eye region and let it dry.
Use good pillows to support your head while asleep. [6]

How it works
Rosehip oil: It is good for the skin as it supplies it with vitamins C, D and E and beta carotene, and as a result cellular turnover increases. It offers epidermal protection. Essential fatty acids present in it get converted to prostaglandins and help in the regeneration of tissue and functioning of the cellular membrane.
Lemon essential oil: It is rich in antioxidants that nourish the under eye skin.
Lavender essential oil: It also provides ample antioxidant benefits for managing under eye bags and dark circles.
Pure aloe vera gel: It works by keeping the under eye skin smooth, supple and hydrated. By working on inflammation, it reduces puffiness. It fights wrinkles by virtue of its constituent minerals and vitamins. By virtue of its B vitamins and amino acids it can inhibit crow’s feet and under eye dryness. [7]


Rosehip Oil Based Eye Serum With Argan Oil, Vitamin E and Essential Oils

Ingredients
One and a half teaspoon each of rosehip seed oil and camellia seed oil
Two teaspoons of argan oil
Oil extracted from five capsules of vitamin E

Essential oils
Five drops each of patchouli, fennel, geranium, and rosemary essential oils
Twenty drops of lavender essential oil
Ten drops each of lemon and carrot seed essential oils

Procedure
Take a dropper bottle, pour all the ingredients in it and mix well.
Apply it around your eyes twice a day.
The shelf life of the serum is six months. [8]


Why Rosehip Oil Is a Good Choice for Eye Serum?

1. Works on Fine Lines and Scars

By promoting cell and tissue regeneration by virtue of its constituent antioxidants and essential fatty acids, rosehip oil is known to reduce scars and fine lines. A study revealed that topical application of rosehip oil on postoperative scars two times a day improved inflammation and color of the scar.

2. Gives You Sun Protection

Exposure to UV rays of sun leads to premature aging of skin and hampers the rate of collagen synthesis. Vitamins A, E and C rich rosehip oil may work against photo-aging.

3. Promotes the Formation of Collagen

Vitamins C and A present in rosehip oil are required for synthesis of collagen. Moreover, rosehip can hamper the synthesis of collagen breaking enzyme MMP-1.

4. Helps in Hydration and Moisturization of the Epidermis

Essential fatty acids linoleic acid and linolenic acid present in rosehip oil strengthen the cellular wall of our epidermis and inhibit loss of water. As the oil is non-greasy, it serves as an effective natural moisturizer for almost all skin types.

5. Reduces Epidermal Swelling

Presence of anthocyanins and polyphenols in rosehip oil may work on your under eye inflammation. Moreover, antioxidants like vitamins E and C present in it also work on inflammation. [9]


Other Essential Oils That Can Help You in Reducing Dark Circles and Under Eye Puffiness

1. Eucalyptus Oil

Direct topical application of eucalyptus essential oil in the under eye region in small amounts can help reduce puffiness or swelling. You have to be cautious and not use it in excess as it may cause irritation. Wash off after fifteen to twenty minutes.

2. Almond Oil

By virtue of its constituent retinol, vitamin K and palmitic acid, almond oil works on dark circles. Retinol works as a skin regenerator, softener and lightens the epidermis. Palmitic acid hydrates your skin whereas retinol works on epidermal discoloration. Massage the oil on the dark circles at bedtime and wash it off in the morning.

3. Chamomile Oil

Its anti-inflammatory constituents work on dark circles and puffiness. It can be applied topically under the eyes. Drink chamomile tea to reduce stress, as stress often causes dark circles. And cool chamomile tea bag and place it on your eyes.

4. Witch Hazel

The anti-inflammatory agent Chrysin present in witch hazel mitigates puffiness. It helps in constriction of blood vessels and thereby works on dark circles. Take a small amount of witch hazel on a cotton ball and place it on your eyes. Leave it there for at least ten minutes.

5. Sandalwood and Rose Oil

These work by rejuvenating and moisturizing your skin. Just add the oils to steaming water and steam your face to reduce dark circles. [10]


Other Remedies for Dark Circles

1. Say No to Caffeine and Alcohol

They are not known to be beneficial for the skin and may dehydrate you. This may further make your dark circles more prominent.

2. Increase Your Sleeping Hours

Ample sleep is the easiest method to diminish dark circles. Sleeping soundly helps to repair cellular damage.

3. Injectable Fillers

If loss of fat or breakage of blood vessels causes dark circles, then dermatologists may use injectable fillers to correct them.

4. Bleaching or Skin Lightening Agents

If excessive melanin is the cause of dark circles, then eye creams with lightening substances like green tea, vitamin C, retinol, kojic acid, hydroquinone, soy etc. may help. Daily application of sunscreens with SPF 30 and zinc, and avoiding going out in the sun helps skin lightening products to work better.

5. Use Concealer

Application of a concealer that has a lighter shade than the tone of your skin can help cover up the dark circles. An oil-free concealer is good for acne prone skin. Go for a concealer with SPF of 15 or more to get the sun protection as well. [11]


Some Therapies for Puffy Eyes

1. Increase Your Hydration Level

If you are well hydrated, you can naturally keep puffy eyes at bay. Drinking water and other healthy liquids in ample amounts can help keep your skin firm.

2. Enough Sleep

Seven to nine hours of sleep at night helps in inhibiting eye bags.

3. Cool Compress

Placing chilled bags of peas, cool and moist green tea bags and cucumber slices on your eyes for ten to fifteen minutes might help.

4. Reduce Consumption of Salt

Excessive consumption of salt may result in water retention and thereby cause puffy eyes. So, you need to cut down on it. Avoid processed food completely. [11]

5. Using Fillers

Dermatologists may suggest fillers in case collagen or elastin breakdown has resulted in puffy eyes.

6. Get a Thyroid Test Done

Low thyroid levels are linked to eye bags. As your levels of thyroid hormone go down, normal suppression of fibroblasts, the connective tissue cells, is negatively affected. As a result, they release excess of water retaining molecules into various tissues in the epidermis making them expand and look puffy. [12]


Dietary Recommendations

Diet tips that may help to get rid of dark circles:

1. Identify Your Food Intolerances

Food intolerance can be a cause of swollen face and eyes or dark circles. Common dietary allergens include soy, peanuts, seafood, eggs, nuts, grains having gluten, milk, and mustard. Find out whether you are allergic to any one of them. Remove the possible allergens for two weeks from your diet and add one item in a day to your diet to check your body’s allergic reaction. The appearance of symptoms will help you identify and completely abstain from the particular food item.

2. Consume More of Vitamin K Rich Foods

By improving blood circulation and inhibiting blood coagulation, vitamin k rich foods like leafy green vegetables, Brussels sprouts, spinach, broccoli, etc. may help diminish your dark circles.

3. Improve Levels of B12 and Iron

Low levels of vitamin B12 and iron are associated with dark circles. Their deficiency leads to a reduction of oxygen levels in tissues, and as a result, the under-eye veins become more apparent. So, add foods containing these nutrients to your diet or take supplements post consultation with your doctor.

4. Consume Vitamin C Rich Foods

Also, increase your vitamin C intake to promote better iron absorption. [12]. Some of the food sources include watermelon, pineapple, papaya, mango, tomatoes, winter squash, bell pepper, tomatoes, and broccoli. [13]

5. Consume Food Items Rich in Retinol

Epidermal thinning is inhibited by retinol or vitamin A. Some of the good sources include cheddar cheese, grass-fed butter and beef liver, pasture raised turkey liver and chicken giblets and organic eggs.

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